Soon I’ve got an army of 11 people running around, spreading the word that I’m making a lot of money. The 9/11 terrorists had 63 items of identification that they used, that we know of. Some of it was real, much of it was not.
LET: In your mind what distinguishes the “bad fakes” from the “good?”
Johnson: False identification is not finite in the way they are made; the quality ranges anywhere from absolute garbage to near-perfect, where almost nobody would be able to determine whether they’re real or not. I’ve seen photos of the IDs that Whitey Bulger was using while he was going undetected, living reasonably well. They were absolute garbage. They wouldn’t have been accepted at any of the bars or the restaurants that I’ve worked with over the years.
How good does a fake ID have to be? It only has to be as good as needed to get over on the person you’re trying to fool. So you can have absolute garbage, but if the person on the receiving end hasn’t got a clue as to what they’re doing, then it’s good enough. It did the job. They’re all over the board; it’s like counterfeit money.
Timothy McVeigh used his counterfeit Kansas DL to rent the Ryder truck to fill with fertilizer fuel oil and kill 186 men, women and babies, and injure 780. He used a homemade by Terry Nichols’ wife. How good was it? Not particularly good, but it fooled the people at the Ryder agency.
[At the conference] I will be bringing with me some genuine driver’s licenses, some fraudulent immigration cards and some fraudulent social security cards for the hands-on training. [Attendees] can look at them, discover the security features on the genuine documents and verify what they’re supposed to be. Then they get the fraudulent documents in separate exercises to look at and make the determination based on what we’ve trained.
We talk specifically about a couple of types of most frequently counterfeited immigration cards, and about the most frequently counterfeited style of social security cards. Once they have that knowledge I give them the card and ask for a good base estimate—is it real, is it not? List the reasons why, one way or the other.
Those are the three exercises: we look at the real DLs, then we look at questionable immigration and Social Security cards. I also ask students to take out their own DLs and use the two tools we’ve furnished them, the magnifier and UV lights to do an examination. Then they look for and discover what their own states use as security features; [because] there is no real standardization from state to state.
Martin Johnson retired from the Howard County, Md., Police Department in 2009, where he served as a detective for 17 of his 25 years in law enforcement. He is an identity document analyst and investigation advisor for the U.S. Attorney’s Office Identity Theft Working Group in Baltimore. He also instructs at Louisiana State University’s National Center for Biomedical Research and Training—Academy of Counter-Terrorist Education. He teaches detection and investigation of fraudulent identity documents to law enforcement officers and other government agents. Editor’s note: To register for Enforcement Expo, where you can take Johnson’s free fraud documents session, go to enforcementexpo.com and click the “Get your badge today” button. Enter promo code “LET.”